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Title: An Analysis of the Reliability of a Bus Safety Structure on Carrying Out the Numerical and Experimental Tests
Authors: Pravilonis, Tautvydas
Eidukynas, Valdas
Sokolovskij, Edgar
Keywords: safety
reliability
structure
modeling
finite element method
bus
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Pravilonis, T.; Eidukynas, V.; Sokolovskij, E. An Analysis of the Reliability of a Bus Safety Structure on Carrying Out the Numerical and Experimental Tests. Sensors 2020, 20, 7092.
Series/Report no.: 20;24
Abstract: In the paper, the reliability of a spatial tubular structure of a bus safety frame formed of different steel profiles is discussed. A methodology for the bus safety structure modeling is presented herein by applying numerical methods that enable us to simulate virtually a test for assessing bus rollover crashworthiness according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Regulation No. 66, and also to assess and ensure the reliability and safety of the structure under operating conditions. The simulation has been performed by applying the mixed method of kinematical analysis and finite elements. In the course of the calculations, physical and geometrical non-linearity of materials was assessed. In addition, an experimental rollover test according to UNECE Regulation No. 66 was performed in this work, striving to verify the provided methodology for modeling by applying numerical methods. For the experiment, an identical safety structure and a rollover stand (identical to the one used in modeling) were used. The rollover test was shot by a Phantom v711 high-speed camera. In the paper, the results of kinematical and dynamic analysis from applying the finite element method and the ones of the experimental test, as well as their comparisons, are provided. It is assessed whether the developed safety structure model is reliable and suitable for use.
Description: This article belongs to the Special Issue Structural Health Monitoring for Smart Structures
URI: http://dspace.vgtu.lt/handle/1/4158
ISSN: 1424-8220
Appears in Collections:Moksliniai straipsniai / Research articles

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