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Title: Long-Term Concrete Shrinkage Influence on the Performance of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Authors: Dey, Alinda
Vastrad, Akshay Vijay
Bado, Mattia Francesco
Sokolov, Aleksandr
Kaklauskas, Gintaris
Keywords: concrete
reinforced concrete
tension stiffening
concrete cracking
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Dey, A.; Vastrad, A.V.; Bado, M.F.; Sokolov, A.; Kaklauskas, G. Long-Term Concrete Shrinkage Influence on the Performance of Reinforced Concrete Structures. Materials 2021, 14, 254.
Series/Report no.: 14;2
Abstract: The contribution of concrete to the tensile stiffness (tension stiffening) of a reinforced concrete (RC) member is a key governing factor for structural serviceability analyses. However, among the current tension stiffening models, few consider the effect brought forth by concrete shrinkage, and none studies take account of the effect for very long-term shrinkage. The present work intends to tackle this exact issue by testing multiple RC tensile elements (with different bar diameters and reinforcement ratios) after a five-year shrinking time period. The experimental deformative and tension stiffening responses were subjected to a mathematical process of shrinkage removal aimed at assessing its effect on the former. The results showed shrinkage distinctly lowered the cracking load of the RC members and caused an apparent tension stiffening reduction. Furthermore, both of these effects were exacerbated in the members with higher reinforcement ratios. The experimental and shrinkage-free behaviors of the RC elements were finally compared to the values predicted by the CEB-fib Model Code 2010 and the Euro Code 2. Interestingly, as a consequence of the long-term shrinkage, the codes expressed a smaller relative error when compared to the shrinkage-free curves versus the experimental ones.
Description: This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanical Behavior of Concrete Materials and Structures: Experimental Evidence and Analytical Models
ISSN: 1996-1944
Appears in Collections:Moksliniai straipsniai / Research articles

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